Challenges and successes in indigenous land demarcation in the Brazilian Amazon: the crucial role of indigenous people in preserving the rainforest

“The rights of indigenous people to social organisation, practices, languages, beliefs and traditions are recognised, together with their original rights over the land that they traditionally occupy, and it is the responsibility of the Brazilian Federal Government to demarcate these lands and to ensure that all their heritage is protected and respected.” Brazilian Constitution, 5th October 1988   In Brazil, Indigenous land demarcation, whether complete or in progress, is a very difficult and precarious process. Although indigenous lands have been demarcated to some extent (starting only in 1961 along the Xingu river, which has [...]